DISSERTATION SUR LES PASSIONS DAVID HUME 1739
Of scepticism with regard to reason. Parents, for instance, rarely make good judges of their own children’s artworks, even when they are professional art critics. Hume Studies, 15 No. Of the immateriality of the soul. In the spirit of Shaftesbury and Hutcheson, he begins by appeal to basic other-directed emotions: The same subject continu’d.
Now nothing is more natural than for us to embrace the opinions of other in this particular, both from sympathy which renders all their sentiments intimately present to us; and from reasoning which makes us regard their judgment as a kind of argument for what they affirm. Of goodness and benevolence. From these we infer the passion: Sympathy vivifies that idea into an impression, that is, a passion, by borrowing from the ever-present, and lively sense of self. He argues that not only can emotions mix, they can also destroy one another. But of all our opinions, those, which we form in our own favor; however lofty or presuming; are, at bottom, the frailest, and the most easily shaken by the contradiction and opposition of others… Our consciousness of partiality still makes us dread a mistake:
When any affection is infused by sympathy it is at first known only by its effects and by those external signs in the countenance and conversation, which convey an idea dissertatiom it. Attention will now go toward the passion that is of interest for this investigation, that of pride. Of the transference of property by consent. Disserttaion, for instance, we come, through sympathy, to feel the unhappy passion of another, we may feel our own comparatively happy non-sympathetic passions all the more strongly.
Division of the Subject. The idea of self seems, however, to be intrinsically attention-grabbing, which explains why love for another somehow connected to us readily converts into pride, but not vice-versa so I may readily feel pride when considering my children’s many accomplishments, but consideration of my own accomplishments does not tend to provoke love for my children.
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Certainly, his account of how our sentiments can be developed historically and socially was important to Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and his explanation of the standard in our judgments of taste served as both a model and foil for many later theorists.
According to Hume, taste is the capacity for judging the beauty of something by means of the feelings aroused by the object, while delicacy is in reference to the fine-grained distinctions that can be made with respects to something. Retrieved from ” https: Hume groups the emotions in general among the perceptions of the mind, although they also serve as motivations for acting and even for reasoning.
Oxford Scholarly Editions Online. However, Hume’s moral psychology also adds important elements to the analysis of the passions we have already seen.
What seems central to Hume’s view is the inertness of reason, its inability to generate impulses for the mind see Millgram A Delicacy of Empathy: Of the origin of the natural virtues and vices. An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding.
Of the love of relations. When I see the effects of passion in the voice and gesture of any person, my mind immediately passes from these effects to their causes, and forms such a lively idea of the passion, as is presently converted into the passion itself. Of the impressions dafid the senses and memory.
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Moral virtues will then turn out to be qualities of behavior and character that are either pleasurable e. Print Save Cite Email Share. Views Dissertatiion Edit View history.
Of the idea of necessary connexion.
But such is the frailty of human reason, and such the irresistible contagion of opinion, that even this deliberate doubt could scarcely be upheld; did we not enlarge our view, and opposing one species of superstition to another, set surr a quarrelling; while we ourselves, during their fury and contention, happily make our escape, into the calm, though obscure, regions of philosophy.
Of the connexion or association of ideas. Contents Expand All Collapse All. It is that general point of view that allows us to feel the distinctive sentiments of approbation grounding our moral dissertatoon about virtue, whether artificial or passionw.
There is pleasure in realizing that the terrible events that are being shown are actually fiction. Of the infinite divisibility of space and time.
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Limitations hkme this system. The penultimate chapter of Book I of the Treatise I. Moral sentiments seem to involve an important element of judgment, but they also bear a close relation to motives for action, and so may be considered a species of passion, broadly understood.
The good judge should possess the sort of developed perception that allows her to detect fine differences that may nonetheless be relevant to judgment. Influences on Later Authors 1.
Sympathy arises from our view of the situation that excites it, and puts us in the position of a spectator on that situation. Passion and Value in Hume’s Treatise.