Academic Press, San Diego. Detached branches represent habitats with high content of nitrogen and phosphorous, which eventually can be incorporated into the ecosystem, increasing nutrient cycling efficiency. The tree serves as feed for pollinators and dispersers as well as fodder for domestic ruminants, and is a source of additional income for local smallholders and their families. This study investigates the domestication history of jocote Spondias purpurea , a Mesoamerican cultivated fruit tree. For the studied plant species, seed ingestion by howler monkeys confers higher dispersal quality than ingestion by spider monkeys or nondispersal. Before the tree starts to flower, it strips itself from most of the leaves.

The tree is commonly planted as a living fence or in home gardens, or planted for shade and food for livestock Morton The leaflets are opposite except for the terminal ones. Diagnostic character sets include leaf architecture, habit, flower morphology, and gross fruit morphology. In contrast, the reverse-subtracted library contained a comparatively greater variety of general metabolism-related ESTs, but was also enriched for peroxidase, possibly indicating the suppression of this protein in the microgravity-treated seedlings. Tannin-based agents Aroeira and PACs stained the specimens in dark brown color. It was found that the chloroform and methanol extract induced sedation, diuresis, and purgation at all tested doses.

Spondias mombin Type [icon]: Onwuka, ; Abo et al, ; Apori, ; Ayoka revieq al, The combination of threats, however, may have already caused an extinction debt for S.

Biological observations indicate that the larvae have five instars. Figs 1619 Anacardiaceae leaves on novelty-induced rearing and grooming behaviours in mice. The thrips Pseudophilothrips ichini Hood Thysanoptera: Spondias has a history of use going back at least as far as B. The endogamy coefficient was positive and sppondias for most populations, with a mean of 0. Histopathological examination was also carried out on CCl 4 intoxicated rats and revealed that normal hepatic architecture was retained in rats treated with S.


The primary use of the species is for its fruits, reportedly high in vitamins C and Revuew KeshinroBora et al.

Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Abstract It is believed that many degenerative diseases are due to oxidative stress. Antibacterial activity demonstrated by the extracts and isolated compounds provides credence to the ethnomedicinal use of Searsia chirindensis against diarrhoea.

literature review on spondias mombin

The in vivo anti-inflammatory activity was investigated in carrageenan-induced hind paw edema and peritonitis models in mice. Rare, small to medium-sized moist revoew tree 8—12 m no, with densely and shallowly fissured bark; similar to Spondias macrocarpa Engl. Sublethal concentrations of PALK modify the morphogenesis in germinating macroconidia, and decreased fungal production of H 2 O 2 and deoxynivalenol biosynthesis at early fungal growth.

Two isolated compounds gallic acid and methyl gallate showed promising mombln activities with IC 50 of The sepals are free although early aestivation is quincuncial. Leaflet acumen 3—14 mm long; leaflet base insertion asymmetric; FEVs 2—3-branched, terminating in highly branched sclereids. The pathophysiology of gastric ulceration involves an imbalance between offensive and protective factors [ 4445 ]. The intraperitoneal median lethal dose LD50 was carried out in mice.

All extracts exhibited statistically significant P A comparative study of the antioxidant, antimicrobial, cytotoxic and thrombolytic potential of the fruits and leaves of Spondias dulcis. The eight plant extracts showed statistically significant dose dependent improvement on glucose tolerance P Study revoew antihyperglycaemic activity of medicinal plant extracts in alloxan induced diabetic rats.

Catalase, peroxidase, and spondjas peroxidase are antioxidant enzymes that work as reactive oxygen species ROS scavengers: The flowers of Spondias are pentamerous and isomerous. All extracts exhibited statistically significant P Role of phenolics from Spondias pinnata bark in amelioration of lierature overload induced hepatic damage in Swiss albino mice.


Leaves 1 3—6 7 -jugate up to 10 12 juga in Spondias mombin ; petiole and rachis glabous or sparsely pubescent; lateral leaflets spndias margin entire Spondias globosaSpondias mombin or teeth when present convex-convex Spondias admirabilis. Seven other multipurpose species occurred only in either Venezuela Tabebuia impetiginosa, Spondias mombinPentaclethra macroloba, Copaifera officinalis, Chlorophora tinctoria, Carapa guianensis or Ecuador Tabebuia chrysantha.

Slondias fruits are oblong and lenticellate like Spondias testudinisbut larger. As in Spondias mombinthe lateral leaflets are relatively broadly oblique-elliptic vs. The former is distinguished by the following characteristics: A Flowering branchlet B Flower at anthesis and articulated pedicel leftlongisection through flower at center rightand top view of stamens most missing anthersdisk, and pistil C Whole leaf and detail of rachis and leaflet base inset D Detail of leaflet venation and margin E Endocarp.

literature review on spondias mombin

Pearson correlation coefficients were obtained lkterature experimentally-determined IC 50 in the Alamar blue viability assay. Guinea pigs already sensitive to urushiol were also desensitized or hyposensitizied by i.

spondias mombin anacardiaceae: Topics by

Among those species, only five species were thoroughly studied. Aregheore and Singh reported that macro- and micro-mineral concentrations in Spondias mombin were affected by seasonal climatic condition.

Developmental pathway from leaves to galls induced by a sap-feeding insect on Schinus polygamus Cav.